| Basic Information
||Vietnam National museum of History
| Local language
||Bảo tàng Lịch sử quốc gia
Oral Traditions and Expressions
Social Practices, Rituals and Festive Events
Knowledge and Practices Concerning Nature and the Universe
Education and Training
| Established year
- To submit the minister’s development plan, the annual long-term operative plans of the museum, and implement after these plans are approved;
- To survey, explore, and excavate archaeological sites, and collect and document items relating to national history on a national scale;
- To research national history through documentation of items of the museum;
- To inventory, conserve, display, and introduce documents and items relating to national history;
- To instruct and serve people at home and visitors as they use the museum for research; to propagate information, educate about national history through documents and items;
- To research and apply advanced scientific technology to the museum’s activities;
- To form specialists in knowledge for museums, vestiges, and heritage owners as assigned by the Ministry of Culture, Sport, and Tourism or as proposed by provinces, organizations, and individuals;
- To receive documents and items relating to Vietnamese history and foreign history in Vietnam given or deposited by organizations and individuals as stipulated by laws;
- To hand over documents and items as stipulated; to supply duplicates of relics, antiques, and other treasures in accordance to the museum’s functions and duties and as stipulated by laws;
- To form international cooperation in accordance to plans by the Ministry of Culture, Sport and Tourism and as stipulated by laws.
The National Museum of Vietnam History was added early to the system of national museums. It was founded on the material basis of the Louis Finot, a museum of the Ecole Française d’Extrême-Orient, which was built in 1926 and completed in 1932. In 1958, the Vietnamese government officially took over this cultural building and started to research, collect, and supplement materials and objects, converting the contents from eastern arts into national history. On 3 September 1958, the National Museum of Vietnam History was officially opened for visitors.
Through its formation and development, the National Museum of Vietnam History has become a large cultural and scientific center for the country. Dozens of millions of people throughout the country and hundreds of thousands of international visitors from all continents have visited the museum and expressed their good sentiments and impressions on the history of the Vietnamese nation in many visitors’ books.
Over nearly fifty years, through its significant achievements in scientific research and propagation as well as external activities, the National Museum of Vietnam History has established itself as a prestigious institute and demonstrated its status as a contributor to development among domestic and international museums. Thus, the Museum has been awarded many noble medals by the state, including:
- Third-grade Labor Medal
- First-grade Labor Medal
- Third-grade Independence Medal
- The Government’s Challenge Banner
| Major Activities
- The main exhibition system is the vivid historical book of Vietnam from prehistory (about 300,000-400,000 years) to the August 1945 Revolution. With an exhibition area of over 2,200 square meters and nearly seven thousand original artifacts, the main exhibition system is arranged chronologically. The main language of expression is the abundant collection of objects, combining the presentation of historical stages and events with the open exhibition, so it’s easy to update new artifacts. Besides, the museum regularly organizes topical exhibitions and is equipped with a system of modern screens and displays to provide vivid images and exact scientific data to meet the increasing demands of visitors and researchers.
- The basic storehouses now keep more than a hundred thousand specimens and artifacts of different materials, including many rare and valuable items, such as the collections of objects dating back the ancient cultures (Hoa Binh-Bac Son, Dong Son), Vietnamese ancient glazed ceramics, Champa stone sculptures, and bronze items under the Le-Nguyen dynasties. Over the past years, the basic warehouses have been supplemented with many new collections from Central Vietnam, Central Highlands, South Vietnam, and the old shipwreck near Cu Lao Cham Island. The basic warehouses are scientifically arranged and updated to be the best sample for other museums throughout Vietnam.
- External affairs are always promoted to strengthen exchanges and cooperation with other museums and cultural organizations in the world. The museum frequently exchanges professional publications with over a hundred counterparts and actively participates in international scientific seminars, such as Socio-cultural Development in the Context of Economic Growth in Asia (1994); Preservation of Archaeological Artifacts (1996); and The Role of Museums in the Twenty-first Century (1997). The museum has adopted and implemented many projects: printing pamphlets on an exhibition system (with the Swedish International Development Aids); teaching and researching in universities (with the AUPELF-UREF); and funding audio-visual equipment for advocacy and educational activities (through the Japanese cultural aid funds). The museum has also dispatched its delegates to visit some museums in China, Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia, Laos, Brunei Darussalam, and others.